6 traits

  • 1. Ideas

    brain   The ideas are the main point of the writing.  While in school, students are often given the topic.  Students have a choice in how to develop their ideas.  

    • Does my paper have a main message? 
    • Does my paper demonstrate knowledge of the topic? 
    • Does my paper include details to support and develop the main topic? 
    • Do my ideas relate back to the thesis?
  • 2. Organization

    skeleton   The organization of the writing is how it is structured.  It is important to structure the writing in a logical, organized manner so that it flows naturally and stays on topic.  

    • Is there a logical order to the ideas?
    • Do all of the ideas stay on topic? 
    • Are you repeating yourself?
    • Does each paragraph have an opening sentence? 
    • Does each paragraph have a closing sentence?
  • 3. Sentence Fluency

    walking  Sentence fluency focuses on the flow and rhythm of the writing.  The writer should use a variety of sentences. A mixture of short and long sentences will help the writing piece flow. 

    • Are my sentences complete?
    • Is your paper to easy to read aloud? (Grab a whisper phone.)
    • Do the sentences vary in length and complexity? 
    • Does each sentence begin in a different way?   
  • Writing is a life skill that all students need for a better future.  We work on preparing students for writing in high school and college.  In order to do this, we use the six traits of writing. 

  • 4. Word Choice

    muscle  Word choice is the vocabulary that the writer chooses to convey a specific meaning.  Make sure that you look through your writing piece to ensure that you don't over use words.

    • Do I use strong verbs? 
    • Do I over use words? (Use a thesaurus)
    • Does my word choice help the reader see, hear, feel, smell, or taste the topic?
  • 5. Voice 

    heart  Voice is the tone and style of the writer.  Your writing piece should sound like a mature version of the author.  

    • Do I know my audience? 
    • Is my paper showing feeling?
    • Is my paper lively throughout?
    • Do I use a formal tone for school papers? 
    • Does my paper sound like me? 

  • 6. Conventions

    ribcage  Conventions get into the nitty-gritty of the writing.  A writer should check the piece for grammar and spelling.  Make sure to check each paragraph for capitalization, usage, punctuation, and spelling (CUPS). 

    • Do I have a correct Good Shepherd heading?
    • Have I reread my paper aloud? 
    • Have I checked for capitalization? 
    • Have I checked for usage? 
    • Have I checked for punctuation? 
    • Have I checked for spelling?